一：2017 年 06 月第二套(情景作文)
Directions: Suppose you are asked to give advice on whether to attend college at home or abroad, write an essay to state your opinion. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
I prefer to attend college abroad rather than at home in that living alone in a foreign country will offer overseas students a greater opportunity to broaden their horizons, cultivate their independence and improve their interpersonal skills.
To start with, living and studying abroad will give one a wider perspective on the world. Overseas students can meet their peers from different countries and regions and be exposed to various ideas and values. This would help them understand the diversity of our society and inevitably see the world in a new light. In addition, overseas experience, frustrating and painful as it may be, is helpful. Overseas students often experience great difficulty—difficulty in fitting into a new culture and dealing with all problems alone. Yet, the difficulty, coupled with the suffering caused by culture shock, is a rewarding experience for promoting one’s independence and developing interpersonal skills.
In conclusion, despite some obvious disadvantages, attending college abroad is definitely better for one’s spiritual growth and future life. Therefore, I would like to study overseas if I have a choice.
二：2016 年 12 月第三套(社会热点：创新)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on innovation. Your essay should include the importance of innovation and measures to be taken to encourage innovation. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Nowadays, with the quickening pace of urban life and ever-increasing work pressure, much emphasis has been put on innovation. Obviously, only through innovation can we make progress. Conservatism means regression.
Utmost importance should be attached to innovation and creativity. To begin with, an attitude of innovation can be said to be the propelling force for the development of science. Think of all the scientific experiment and all the laboratory tests before a new medicine or vaccine is discovered. In addition, innovation also contributes to the success of many businesses. For instance, I personally worked for an Internet company—only after four years and four different tries of varying business models did it finally succeed, and became one of the largest Internet companies.
To sum up, in any field of endeavor, it is necessary to first put great emphasis on innovation before one can finally reach success. It seems as if life is testing our innovation and creativity to see if we really are dedicated to our vision, before we can finally be rewarded with success.
三：2013 年 06 月第二套(人生哲理)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the remark “Good habits result from resisting temptation.” You can cite examples to illustrate your point. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
There is a saying that “Good habits result from resisting temptation”, to which I couldn’t agree more. Unfortunately, lacking determined will and social experience, young people frequently fall into the trap of temptations such as Internet games, smoking, drinking, and so on.
In a bid to form good habits, one needs a strong will and dogged perseverance to resist temptation. The desirable habit of reading classic works of literature on a regular basis is a case in point. In order to get into the habit, you have to spend less time on your favorite Internet games or fascinating mobile phones. Likewise, the good habit of doing exercises every day means repeatedly dragging oneself away from the TV series and cozy couch.
As has been mentioned above, a wise mind and determined will should be gradually cultivated so that young people can resist various temptations and acquire endearing habits. After all, old habits die hard. Just as Oscar Wilde put it, “I can resist everything except temptation.”
四：2015 年 06 月第一套(情景作文-文化教育类)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Knowledge is a treasure, but practice is the key to it.” You can give one example or two to illustrate your point of view. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Would you be willing to have a doctor who only has the textbook knowledge of operations to operate on you? Your answer to this is obviously a resounding “No!” In order to be of real value, knowledge gained from books must always be complemented by knowledge gained from actual experience.
For me engaging in an activity in person and having the first-hand experience leaves a much deeper and lasting impression than what one can get simply from reading or listening. If I read about how to write an essay or listened to someone talking about writing an essay, I still wouldn’t feel like knowing how to write an essay until writing one myself. The same can be said for other skills, for example, sports. A person can know all the rules of football, associated skills and strategies, but until that person does some ball-kicking in a field, the theory remains useless.
To sum up, compared to theoretical knowledge, practical skills are certainly more significant. Just as the British churchman Thomas Fuller put it, “Knowledge is a treasure, but practice is the key to it.”
五：2013 年 12 月第一套(人生哲理)
Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the remark “The greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it.” You can give examples to illustrate your point and then explain what you will do to make your life more meaningful. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
The famous saying “The greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it” is rather thoughtprovoking and tells us the real meaning of life.
In my view, there are good reasons to undertake meaningful things that exert positive and profound influence on the society, such as protecting the environment, helping vulnerable groups as well as promoting education. To illustrate, Nelson Mandela never wavered in his fight against apartheid and for a new South Africa. His life is an inspiration to everyone in South Africa and throughout the world. Though limited, his life is worth living, and its influence definitely lasts longer than itself. Likewise, a young person who aspires to be a great writer chooses to spend all his free time on reading literary works or refining his own writings. Without aspirations, he may simply end up spending all his spare time surfing online or playing Internet games.
In brief, a meaningful life serves to motivate and guide us in our daily lives. It provides us with the focus and direction that enable us to work towards a special goal.
六：2013 年 12 月第二套(人生哲理)
Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on happiness by referring to the saying “Happiness is not the absence of problems, but the ability to deal with them.” You can cite examples to illustrate your point and then explain how you can develop your ability to deal with problems and be happy. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
There goes a wise saying, “Happiness is not the absence of problems, but the ability to deal with them.” I couldn’t agree more with it, for problem-solving ability, instead of favorable circumstances, is the key to happiness.
There is little correlation between favorable circumstances and happiness. The absence of problems, which is actually impossible in our lives as long we have got something to pursue, is beyond doubt a lucky circumstance for one to notch up success and find happiness. But in the meantime, it also means that one encounters no challenge and thus achieves little happiness, for the bigger a challenge, the greater happiness in overcoming it. Deep happiness only comes after you have overcome difficult problems. For instance, people who stop at the foot of a mountain can never experience the happiness of those who conquer the mountain top.
Happiness is only a by-product of success in dealing with problems. We should bear in mind that problems are never absent and what we can do is to develop our ability to solve them. The higher our ability to combat problems, the greater happiness we are likely to experience.
七：2015 年 12 月第二套(图画作文)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the picture below. You should focus on the harm caused by misleading information online. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
As is symbolically demonstrated in the drawing, a young man is sitting in his living room. Sitting on a chair in front of a table, he is using a computer to have access to the Internet. Regretfully he says, “I just feel unfortunate to live in a world with so much misleading information.”
Since most of the messages are put up on the Internet without being examined, information explodes in amount and size, which makes fake or false information get easy access to people’s eyes. As a consequence, in many cases, what we get from the Internet, TV or billboards is often misleading, and it would definitely influence our judgment, obstruct our efforts to acquire knowledge and constrain our creativity.
However, it is unfair to say that information explosion is a backward step in human civilization; the point is the way we choose it and use it. The root for today’s embarrassing situation of information industry is the faulty management and the lack of advanced technologies. Hence, what we can do now is not to complain but to improve the information management system by technical means in an attempt to really create an era of knowledge explosion.
八：2015 年 12 月第三套(文化教育类：教育)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the picture below. You should focus on the impact of social networking websites on reading. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
In the portrayal above are two people staying in a restaurant. Sitting at a table, each of them is having a glass of drink. The man is speaking to the woman seriously, “I love reading. I read about 3 hours a day. My favorite book is Facebook.”
The purpose of the caricature is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the impact of social network websites on reading. On the one hand, a good many people admit that they are too much addicted to social network websites to have enough time for reading books. Once indulged in the virtual world, people feel reluctant to read extensively or to concentrate on real life. On the other hand, reading extensively can offer us companionship, experience and instruction. Firstly, it can increase our contentment when we are cheerful and happy, and lessen our pain when we are sad or lonely. Secondly, it can increase our intellectual ability, broaden our horizons and make us wise.
Though with the advent of the Internet, books are no longer read as extensively as they once were, nothing can replace the role that reading extensively plays in our lives.
九：2003 年 06 月(图表作文：社会热点类)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Changes of Ownership of Houses. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the table and the outline below:
1)图表内容是 1990，2000 和 2010 年的公房和私房变化柱状表，趋势是公房越来越少，私房越来越多，请简单描述一下图表内容;
Since 1990, China has witnessed a great change in the ownership of houses. As the chart shows, the percentage of state-owned houses in a certain city in China decreased considerably, dropping from 75% in 1990 to 20% in 2010, while the corresponding figures for private houses increased dramatically, rising from roughly 25% to 80% over the same period.
The rise and fall can be accounted for by a couple of factors. For one thing, the boom of the urban economy has resulted in the increase of family income and the improvement of family economic conditions has led to the changes of people’s minds. Nowadays, hire purchase or installment plan has found its growing popularity and acceptance. These have promoted the purchase of private houses. For another, the government has put in force a series of new policies which provide residents with subsidies and loans to encourage their real estate investment. These policies make it easier for an individual to buy his or her own house.
In my opinion, owning a house is also an excellent investment for an individual. With the population rising as quickly as it is, it is a very good idea to become a property owner. In the forthcoming years, land will be increasingly expensive, and therefore less attainable. Furthermore, if one buys a house, it is likely that he or she will be able to sell it at a reasonable profit in the future. Accordingly, the increase in house ownership is acceptable for both the authority and individuals, which should be encouraged.
自 1990 年以来，中国的住房拥有权发生了巨大的变化。如图表所示，某城市国有住房的比例大幅度减少，从 1990 年的大约 75%下降到 2010 年的 20%，而同一时期私有住房的比例急剧增长，从大约 25%增长到 80%。
十：2013 年 12 月(书信类：求职信)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter of application for a job. Write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Dear Sir or Madam,
I have read your advertisement in China Daily on December 9th for the post of accountant, and would be grateful if you could consider me favorably as an applicant for the position.
My professional training and experience all contribute to my qualifications for the job. I graduated from the Department of Accounting in Guanghua Management School of Peking University in 2019. You will note from my enclosed resume that I was awarded First-prize scholarship four times for my outstanding academic performance. After graduation, I worked as an accountant in Beijing New Oriental Education and Technology Group. I hope that such working experience can be taken into favorable consideration.
I have enclosed a resume for your reference. I would like to extend my heartfelt appreciation if you could let me know the result of my application in due course.
我在 12 月 9 日的中国日报上看到您对于会计职位的招聘。如果您能将我纳入候选人，我将无比感谢。